Ruth

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Statistics

OutcomeNum versesPercent
No changes in any3642.4%
Uses TNIV text3035.3%
New text in NIV20111922.4%

Verses

Ruth 1:1

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיְהִ֗י בִּימֵי֙ שְׁפֹ֣ט הַשֹּׁפְטִ֔ים וַיְהִ֥י רָעָ֖ב בָּאָ֑רֶץ וַיֵּ֨לֶךְ אִ֜ישׁ מִבֵּ֧ית לֶ֣חֶם יְהוּדָ֗ה לָגוּר֙ בִּשְׂדֵ֣י מוֹאָ֔ב ה֥וּא וְאִשְׁתּ֖וֹ וּשְׁנֵ֥י בָנָֽיו׃
NIV1984In the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land, and a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab.
TNIVIn the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab.
NIV2011In the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab.
Compared to NIV1984In the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land, and. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab.
Compared to TNIVIn the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab.

Ruth 1:2

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוְשֵׁ֣ם הָאִ֣ישׁ אֱ‍ֽלִימֶ֡לֶךְ וְשֵׁם֩ אִשְׁתּ֨וֹ נָעֳמִ֜י וְשֵׁ֥ם שְׁנֵֽי־ בָנָ֣יו ׀ מַחְל֤וֹן וְכִלְיוֹן֙ אֶפְרָתִ֔ים מִבֵּ֥ית לֶ֖חֶם יְהוּדָ֑ה וַיָּבֹ֥אוּ שְׂדֵי־ מוֹאָ֖ב וַיִּֽהְיוּ־ שָֽׁם׃
NIV1984The man's name was Elimelech, his wife's name Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.
TNIVThe man's name was Elimelek, his wife's name was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.
NIV2011The man's name was Elimelek, his wife's name was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.
Compared to NIV1984The man's name was ElimelechElimelek, his wife's name was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.
Compared to TNIVThe man's name was Elimelek, his wife's name was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.

Ruth 1:3

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיָּ֥מָת אֱלִימֶ֖לֶךְ אִ֣ישׁ נָעֳמִ֑י וַתִּשָּׁאֵ֥ר הִ֖יא וּשְׁנֵ֥י בָנֶֽיהָ׃
NIV1984Now Elimelech, Naomi's husband, died, and she was left with her two sons.
TNIVNow Elimelek, Naomi's husband, died, and she was left with her two sons.
NIV2011Now Elimelek, Naomi's husband, died, and she was left with her two sons.
Compared to NIV1984Now ElimelechElimelek, Naomi's husband, died, and she was left with her two sons.
Compared to TNIVNow Elimelek, Naomi's husband, died, and she was left with her two sons.

Ruth 1:6

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתָּ֤קָם הִיא֙ וְכַלֹּתֶ֔יהָ וַתָּ֖שָׁב מִשְּׂדֵ֣י מוֹאָ֑ב כִּ֤י שָֽׁמְעָה֙ בִּשְׂדֵ֣ה מוֹאָ֔ב כִּֽי־ פָקַ֤ד יְהוָה֙ אֶת־ עַמּ֔וֹ לָתֵ֥ת לָהֶ֖ם לָֽחֶם׃
NIV1984When she heard in Moab that the LORD had come to the aid of his people by providing food for them, Naomi and her daughters-in-law prepared to return home from there.
TNIVWhen Naomi heard in Moab that the LORD had come to the aid of his people by providing food for them, she and her daughters-in-law prepared to return home from there.
NIV2011When Naomi heard in Moab that the LORD had come to the aid of his people by providing food for them, she and her daughters-in-law prepared to return home from there.
Compared to NIV1984When sheNaomi heard in Moab that the LORD had come to the aid of his people by providing food for them, Naomishe and her daughters-in-law prepared to return home from there.
Compared to TNIVWhen Naomi heard in Moab that the LORD had come to the aid of his people by providing food for them, she and her daughters-in-law prepared to return home from there.

Ruth 1:8

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַתֹּ֤אמֶר נָעֳמִי֙ לִשְׁתֵּ֣י כַלֹּתֶ֔יהָ לֵ֣כְנָה שֹּׁ֔בְנָה אִשָּׁ֖ה לְבֵ֣ית אִמָּ֑הּ יְהוָ֤ה עִמָּכֶם֙ חֶ֔סֶד כַּאֲשֶׁ֧ר עֲשִׂיתֶ֛ם עִם־ הַמֵּתִ֖ים וְעִמָּדִֽי׃
NIV1984Then Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go back, each of you, to your mother's home. May the LORD show kindness to you, as you have shown to your dead and to me.
TNIVThen Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go back, each of you, to your mother's home. May the LORD show you kindness, as you have shown kindness to your dead and to me.
NIV2011Then Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go back, each of you, to your mother's home. May the LORD show you kindness, as you have shown kindness to your dead husbands and to me.
Compared to NIV1984Then Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go back, each of you, to your mother's home. May the LORD show kindness to you kindness, as you have shown kindness to your dead husbands and to me.
Compared to TNIVThen Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go back, each of you, to your mother's home. May the LORD show you kindness, as you have shown kindness to your dead husbands and to me.

Ruth 1:9

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSיִתֵּ֤ן יְהוָה֙ לָכֶ֔ם וּמְצֶ֣אןָ מְנוּחָ֔ה אִשָּׁ֖ה בֵּ֣ית אִישָׁ֑הּ וַתִּשַּׁ֣ק לָהֶ֔ן וַתִּשֶּׂ֥אנָה קוֹלָ֖ן וַתִּבְכֶּֽינָה׃
NIV1984May the LORD grant that each of you will find rest in the home of another husband." Then she kissed them and they wept aloud
TNIVMay the LORD grant that each of you will find rest in the home of another husband." Then she kissed them good-by and they wept aloud
NIV2011May the LORD grant that each of you will find rest in the home of another husband." Then she kissed them goodbye and they wept aloud
Compared to NIV1984May the LORD grant that each of you will find rest in the home of another husband." Then she kissed them goodbye and they wept aloud
Compared to TNIVMay the LORD grant that each of you will find rest in the home of another husband." Then she kissed them good-bygoodbye and they wept aloud

Ruth 1:13

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSהֲלָהֵ֣ן ׀ תְּשַׂבֵּ֗רְנָה עַ֚ד אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִגְדָּ֔לוּ הֲלָהֵן֙ תֵּֽעָגֵ֔נָה לְבִלְתִּ֖י הֱי֣וֹת לְאִ֑ישׁ אַ֣ל בְּנֹתַ֗י כִּֽי־ מַר־ לִ֤י מְאֹד֙ מִכֶּ֔ם כִּֽי־ יָצְאָ֥ה בִ֖י יַד־ יְהוָֽה׃
NIV1984would you wait until they grew up? Would you remain unmarried for them? No, my daughters. It is more bitter for me than for you, because the LORD's hand has gone out against me!"
TNIVwould you wait until they grew up? Would you remain unmarried for them? No, my daughters. It is more bitter for me than for you, because the LORD's hand has turned against me!"
NIV2011would you wait until they grew up? Would you remain unmarried for them? No, my daughters. It is more bitter for me than for you, because the LORD's hand has turned against me!"
Compared to NIV1984would you wait until they grew up? Would you remain unmarried for them? No, my daughters. It is more bitter for me than for you, because the LORD's hand has gone outturned against me!"
Compared to TNIVwould you wait until they grew up? Would you remain unmarried for them? No, my daughters. It is more bitter for me than for you, because the LORD's hand has turned against me!"

Ruth 1:14

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַתִּשֶּׂ֣נָה קוֹלָ֔ן וַתִּבְכֶּ֖ינָה ע֑וֹד וַתִּשַּׁ֤ק עָרְפָּה֙ לַחֲמוֹתָ֔הּ וְר֖וּת דָּ֥בְקָה בָּֽהּ׃
NIV1984At this they wept again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law good-by, but Ruth clung to her.
TNIVAt this they wept aloud again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law good-by, but Ruth clung to her.
NIV2011At this they wept aloud again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law goodbye, but Ruth clung to her.
Compared to NIV1984At this they wept aloud again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law good-bygoodbye, but Ruth clung to her.
Compared to TNIVAt this they wept aloud again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law good-bygoodbye, but Ruth clung to her.

Ruth 1:17

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSבַּאֲשֶׁ֤ר תָּמ֙וּתִי֙ אָמ֔וּת וְשָׁ֖ם אֶקָּבֵ֑ר כֹּה֩ יַעֲשֶׂ֨ה יְהוָ֥ה לִי֙ וְכֹ֣ה יֹסִ֔יף כִּ֣י הַמָּ֔וֶת יַפְרִ֖יד בֵּינִ֥י וּבֵינֵֽךְ׃
NIV1984Where you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the LORD deal with me, be it ever so severely, if anything but death separates you and me."
TNIVWhere you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the LORD deal with me, be it ever so severely, if even death separates you and me."
NIV2011Where you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the LORD deal with me, be it ever so severely, if even death separates you and me."
Compared to NIV1984Where you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the LORD deal with me, be it ever so severely, if anything buteven death separates you and me."
Compared to TNIVWhere you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the LORD deal with me, be it ever so severely, if even death separates you and me."

Ruth 1:22

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתָּ֣שָׁב נָעֳמִ֗י וְר֨וּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֤ה כַלָּתָהּ֙ עִמָּ֔הּ הַשָּׁ֖בָה מִשְּׂדֵ֣י מוֹאָ֑ב וְהֵ֗מָּה בָּ֚אוּ בֵּ֣ית לֶ֔חֶם בִּתְחִלַּ֖ת קְצִ֥יר שְׂעֹרִֽים׃
NIV1984So Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest was beginning.
TNIVSo Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the Moabite, her daughter-in-law, arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest was beginning.
NIV2011So Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the Moabite, her daughter-in-law, arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest was beginning.
Compared to NIV1984So Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the MoabitessMoabite, her daughter-in-law, arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest was beginning.
Compared to TNIVSo Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the Moabite, her daughter-in-law, arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest was beginning.

Ruth 2:1

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוּֽלְנָעֳמִ֞י לְאִישָׁ֗הּ אִ֚ישׁ גִּבּ֣וֹר חַ֔יִל מִמִּשְׁפַּ֖חַת אֱלִימֶ֑לֶךְ וּשְׁמ֖וֹ בֹּֽעַז׃
NIV1984Now Naomi had a relative on her husband's side, from the clan of Elimelech, a man of standing, whose name was Boaz.
TNIVNow Naomi had a relative on her husband's side, a man of standing from the clan of Elimelek, whose name was Boaz.
NIV2011Now Naomi had a relative on her husband's side, a man of standing from the clan of Elimelek, whose name was Boaz.
Compared to NIV1984Now Naomi had a relative on her husband's side, a man of standing from the clan of Elimelech, a man of standingElimelek, whose name was Boaz.
Compared to TNIVNow Naomi had a relative on her husband's side, a man of standing from the clan of Elimelek, whose name was Boaz.

Ruth 2:2

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתֹּאמֶר֩ ר֨וּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֜ה אֶֽל־ נָעֳמִ֗י אֵֽלְכָה־ נָּ֤א הַשָּׂדֶה֙ וַאֲלַקֳטָּ֣הQp בַשִׁבֳּלִ֔יםQp אַחַ֕ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֶמְצָא־ חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינָ֑יו וַתֹּ֥אמֶר לָ֖הּ לְכִ֥י בִתִּֽי׃
NIV1984And Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, "Let me go to the fields and pick up the leftover grain behind anyone in whose eyes I find favor." Naomi said to her, "Go ahead, my daughter."
TNIVAnd Ruth the Moabite said to Naomi, "Let me go to the fields and pick up the leftover grain behind anyone in whose eyes I find favor." Naomi said to her, "Go ahead, my daughter."
NIV2011And Ruth the Moabite said to Naomi, "Let me go to the fields and pick up the leftover grain behind anyone in whose eyes I find favor." Naomi said to her, "Go ahead, my daughter."
Compared to NIV1984And Ruth the MoabitessMoabite said to Naomi, "Let me go to the fields and pick up the leftover grain behind anyone in whose eyes I find favor." Naomi said to her, "Go ahead, my daughter."
Compared to TNIVAnd Ruth the Moabite said to Naomi, "Let me go to the fields and pick up the leftover grain behind anyone in whose eyes I find favor." Naomi said to her, "Go ahead, my daughter."

Ruth 2:3

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַתֵּ֤לֶךְ וַתָּבוֹא֙ וַתְּלַקֵּ֣ט בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה אַחֲרֵ֖י הַקֹּצְרִ֑ים וַיִּ֣קֶר מִקְרֶ֔הָ חֶלְקַ֤ת הַשָּׂדֶה֙ לְבֹ֔עַז אֲשֶׁ֖ר מִמִּשְׁפַּ֥חַת אֱלִימֶֽלֶךְ׃
NIV1984So she went out and began to glean in the fields behind the harvesters. As it turned out, she found herself working in a field belonging to Boaz, who was from the clan of Elimelech.
TNIVSo she went out, entered a field and began to glean behind the harvesters. As it turned out, she found herself working in a field belonging to Boaz, who was from the clan of Elimelek.
NIV2011So she went out, entered a field and began to glean behind the harvesters. As it turned out, she was working in a field belonging to Boaz, who was from the clan of Elimelek.
Compared to NIV1984So she went out, entered a field and began to glean in the fields behind the harvesters. As it turned out, she foundwas herself working in a field belonging to Boaz, who was from the clan of ElimelechElimelek.
Compared to TNIVSo she went out, entered a field and began to glean behind the harvesters. As it turned out, she found herselfwas working in a field belonging to Boaz, who was from the clan of Elimelek.

Ruth 2:4

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוְהִנֵּה־ בֹ֗עַז בָּ֚א מִבֵּ֣ית לֶ֔חֶם וַיֹּ֥אמֶר לַקּוֹצְרִ֖ים יְהוָ֣ה עִמָּכֶ֑ם וַיֹּ֥אמְרוּ ל֖וֹ יְבָרֶכְךָ֥ יְהוָֽה׃
NIV1984Just then Boaz arrived from Bethlehem and greeted the harvesters, "The LORD be with you!" "The LORD bless you!" they called back.
TNIVJust then Boaz arrived from Bethlehem and greeted the harvesters, "The LORD be with you!" "The LORD bless you!" they answered.
NIV2011Just then Boaz arrived from Bethlehem and greeted the harvesters, "The LORD be with you!" "The LORD bless you!" they answered.
Compared to NIV1984Just then Boaz arrived from Bethlehem and greeted the harvesters, "The LORD be with you!" "The LORD bless you!" they called backanswered.
Compared to TNIVJust then Boaz arrived from Bethlehem and greeted the harvesters, "The LORD be with you!" "The LORD bless you!" they answered.

Ruth 2:5

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיֹּ֤אמֶר בֹּ֙עַז֙ לְנַעֲר֔וֹ הַנִּצָּ֖ב עַל־ הַקּֽוֹצְרִ֑ים לְמִ֖י הַנַּעֲרָ֥ה הַזֹּֽאת׃
NIV1984Boaz asked the foreman of his harvesters, "Whose young woman is that?"
TNIVBoaz asked the overseer of his harvesters, "Who does that young woman belong to?"
NIV2011Boaz asked the overseer of his harvesters, "Who does that young woman belong to?"
Compared to NIV1984Boaz asked the foremanoverseer of his harvesters, "WhoseWho does that young woman isbelong thatto?"
Compared to TNIVBoaz asked the overseer of his harvesters, "Who does that young woman belong to?"

Ruth 2:6

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיַּ֗עַן הַנַּ֛עַר הַנִּצָּ֥ב עַל־ הַקּוֹצְרִ֖ים וַיֹּאמַ֑ר נַעֲרָ֤ה מֽוֹאֲבִיָּה֙ הִ֔יא הַשָּׁ֥בָה עִֽם־ נָעֳמִ֖י מִשְּׂדֵ֥ה מוֹאָֽב׃
NIV1984The foreman replied, "She is the Moabitess who came back from Moab with Naomi.
TNIVThe overseer replied, "She is the Moabite who came back from Moab with Naomi.
NIV2011The overseer replied, "She is the Moabite who came back from Moab with Naomi.
Compared to NIV1984The foremanoverseer replied, "She is the MoabitessMoabite who came back from Moab with Naomi.
Compared to TNIVThe overseer replied, "She is the Moabite who came back from Moab with Naomi.

Ruth 2:7

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתֹּ֗אמֶר אֲלַקֳטָה־ נָּא֙ וְאָסַפְתִּ֣י בָֽעֳמָרִ֔ים אַחֲרֵ֖י הַקּוֹצְרִ֑ים וַתָּב֣וֹא וַֽתַּעֲמ֗וֹד מֵאָ֤ז הַבֹּ֙קֶר֙ וְעַד־ עַ֔תָּה זֶ֛ה שִׁבְתָּ֥הּ הַבַּ֖יִת מְעָֽט׃
NIV1984She said, 'Please let me glean and gather among the sheaves behind the harvesters.' She went into the field and has worked steadily from morning till now, except for a short rest in the shelter."
TNIVShe said, 'Please let me glean and gather among the sheaves behind the harvesters.' She came into the field and has remained here from morning till now, except for a short rest in the shelter."
NIV2011She said, 'Please let me glean and gather among the sheaves behind the harvesters.' She came into the field and has remained here from morning till now, except for a short rest in the shelter."
Compared to NIV1984She said, 'Please let me glean and gather among the sheaves behind the harvesters.' She wentcame into the field and has workedremained steadilyhere from morning till now, except for a short rest in the shelter."
Compared to TNIVShe said, 'Please let me glean and gather among the sheaves behind the harvesters.' She came into the field and has remained here from morning till now, except for a short rest in the shelter."

Ruth 2:8

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיֹּאמֶר֩ בֹּ֨עַז אֶל־ ר֜וּת הֲל֧וֹא שָׁמַ֣עַתְּ בִּתִּ֗י אַל־ תֵּלְכִי֙ לִלְקֹט֙ בְּשָׂדֶ֣ה אַחֵ֔ר וְגַ֛ם לֹ֥א תַעֲבוּרִ֖י מִזֶּ֑ה וְכֹ֥ה תִדְבָּקִ֖ין עִם־ נַעֲרֹתָֽי׃
NIV1984So Boaz said to Ruth, "My daughter, listen to me. Don't go and glean in another field and don't go away from here. Stay here with my servant girls.
TNIVSo Boaz said to Ruth, "My daughter, listen to me. Don't go and glean in another field and don't go away from here. Stay here with the women who work for me.
NIV2011So Boaz said to Ruth, "My daughter, listen to me. Don't go and glean in another field and don't go away from here. Stay here with the women who work for me.
Compared to NIV1984So Boaz said to Ruth, "My daughter, listen to me. Don't go and glean in another field and don't go away from here. Stay here with mythe servantwomen girlswho work for me.
Compared to TNIVSo Boaz said to Ruth, "My daughter, listen to me. Don't go and glean in another field and don't go away from here. Stay here with the women who work for me.

Ruth 2:9

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSעֵינַ֜יִךְ בַּשָּׂדֶ֤ה אֲשֶׁר־ יִקְצֹרוּן֙ וְהָלַ֣כְתִּQv אַחֲרֵיהֶ֔ן הֲל֥וֹא צִוִּ֛יתִי אֶת־ הַנְּעָרִ֖ים לְבִלְתִּ֣י נָגְעֵ֑ךְ וְצָמִ֗ת וְהָלַכְתְּ֙ אֶל־ הַכֵּלִ֔ים וְשָׁתִ֕ית מֵאֲשֶׁ֥ר יִשְׁאֲב֖וּן הַנְּעָרִֽים׃
NIV1984Watch the field where the men are harvesting, and follow along after the girls. I have told the men not to touch you. And whenever you are thirsty, go and get a drink from the water jars the men have filled."
TNIVWatch the field where the harvesters are working, and follow along after the women. I have told the men not to lay a hand on you. And whenever you are thirsty, go and get a drink from the water jars the men have filled."
NIV2011Watch the field where the men are harvesting, and follow along after the women. I have told the men not to lay a hand on you. And whenever you are thirsty, go and get a drink from the water jars the men have filled."
Compared to NIV1984Watch the field where the men are harvesting, and follow along after the girlswomen. I have told the men not to touchlay a hand on you. And whenever you are thirsty, go and get a drink from the water jars the men have filled."
Compared to TNIVWatch the field where the harvestersmen are workingharvesting, and follow along after the women. I have told the men not to lay a hand on you. And whenever you are thirsty, go and get a drink from the water jars the men have filled."

Ruth 2:10

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתִּפֹּל֙ עַל־ פָּנֶ֔יהָ וַתִּשְׁתַּ֖חוּ אָ֑רְצָה וַתֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֗יו מַדּוּעַ֩ מָצָ֨אתִי חֵ֤ן בְּעֵינֶ֙יךָ֙ לְהַכִּירֵ֔נִי וְאָּנֹכִ֖יQp נָכְרִיָּֽה׃
NIV1984At this, she bowed down with her face to the ground. She exclaimed, "Why have I found such favor in your eyes that you notice me--a foreigner?"
TNIVAt this, she bowed down with her face to the ground. She asked him, "Why have I found such favor in your eyes that you notice me--a foreigner?"
NIV2011At this, she bowed down with her face to the ground. She asked him, "Why have I found such favor in your eyes that you notice me--a foreigner?"
Compared to NIV1984At this, she bowed down with her face to the ground. She exclaimedasked him, "Why have I found such favor in your eyes that you notice me--a foreigner?"
Compared to TNIVAt this, she bowed down with her face to the ground. She asked him, "Why have I found such favor in your eyes that you notice me--a foreigner?"

Ruth 2:13

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַ֠תֹּאמֶר אֶמְצָא־ חֵ֨ן בְּעֵינֶ֤יךָ אֲדֹנִי֙ כִּ֣י נִֽחַמְתָּ֔נִי וְכִ֥י דִבַּ֖רְתָּ עַל־ לֵ֣ב שִׁפְחָתֶ֑ךָ וְאָנֹכִי֙ לֹ֣א אֶֽהְיֶ֔ה כְּאַחַ֖ת שִׁפְחֹתֶֽיךָ׃
NIV1984"May I continue to find favor in your eyes, my lord," she said. "You have given me comfort and have spoken kindly to your servant--though I do not have the standing of one of your servant girls."
TNIV"May I continue to find favor in your eyes, my lord," she said. "You have reassured me and have spoken kindly to your servant--though I do not have the standing of one of your servants."
NIV2011"May I continue to find favor in your eyes, my lord," she said. "You have put me at ease by speaking kindly to your servant--though I do not have the standing of one of your servants."
Compared to NIV1984"May I continue to find favor in your eyes, my lord," she said. "You have givenput me comfortat andease haveby spokenspeaking kindly to your servant--though I do not have the standing of one of your servant girlsservants."
Compared to TNIV"May I continue to find favor in your eyes, my lord," she said. "You have reassuredput me andat haveease spokenby speaking kindly to your servant--though I do not have the standing of one of your servants."

Ruth 2:15

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתָּ֖קָם לְלַקֵּ֑ט וַיְצַו֩ בֹּ֨עַז אֶת־ נְעָרָ֜יו לֵאמֹ֗ר גַּ֣ם בֵּ֧ין הָֽעֳמָרִ֛ים תְּלַקֵּ֖ט וְלֹ֥א תַכְלִימֽוּהָ׃
NIV1984As she got up to glean, Boaz gave orders to his men, "Even if she gathers among the sheaves, don't embarrass her.
TNIVAs she got up to glean, Boaz gave orders to his men, "Let her gather among the sheaves and don't reprimand her.
NIV2011As she got up to glean, Boaz gave orders to his men, "Let her gather among the sheaves and don't reprimand her.
Compared to NIV1984As she got up to glean, Boaz gave orders to his men, "EvenLet ifher shegather gathers among the sheaves, and don't embarrassreprimand her.
Compared to TNIVAs she got up to glean, Boaz gave orders to his men, "Let her gather among the sheaves and don't reprimand her.

Ruth 2:16

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוְגַ֛ם שֹׁל־ תָּשֹׁ֥לּוּ לָ֖הּ מִן־ הַצְּבָתִ֑ים וַעֲזַבְתֶּ֥ם וְלִקְּטָ֖ה וְלֹ֥א תִגְעֲרוּ־ בָֽהּ׃
NIV1984Rather, pull out some stalks for her from the bundles and leave them for her to pick up, and don't rebuke her."
TNIVEven pull out some stalks for her from the bundles and leave them for her to pick up, and don't rebuke her."
NIV2011Even pull out some stalks for her from the bundles and leave them for her to pick up, and don't rebuke her."
Compared to NIV1984Rather, Even pull out some stalks for her from the bundles and leave them for her to pick up, and don't rebuke her."
Compared to TNIVEven pull out some stalks for her from the bundles and leave them for her to pick up, and don't rebuke her."

Ruth 2:20

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַתֹּ֨אמֶר נָעֳמִ֜י לְכַלָּתָ֗הּ בָּר֥וּךְ הוּא֙ לַיהוָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר֙ לֹא־ עָזַ֣ב חַסְדּ֔וֹ אֶת־ הַחַיִּ֖ים וְאֶת־ הַמֵּתִ֑ים וַתֹּ֧אמֶר לָ֣הּ נָעֳמִ֗י קָר֥וֹב לָ֙נוּ֙ הָאִ֔ישׁ מִֽגֹּאֲלֵ֖נוּ הֽוּא׃
NIV1984"The LORD bless him!" Naomi said to her daughter-in-law. "He has not stopped showing his kindness to the living and the dead." She added, "That man is our close relative; he is one of our kinsman-redeemers."
TNIV"The LORD bless him!" Naomi said to her daughter-in-law. "He has not stopped showing his kindness to the living and the dead." She added, "That man is our close relative; he is one of our family guardians."
NIV2011"The LORD bless him!" Naomi said to her daughter-in-law. "He has not stopped showing his kindness to the living and the dead." She added, "That man is our close relative; he is one of our guardian-redeemers."
Compared to NIV1984"The LORD bless him!" Naomi said to her daughter-in-law. "He has not stopped showing his kindness to the living and the dead." She added, "That man is our close relative; he is one of our kinsmanguardian-redeemers."
Compared to TNIV"The LORD bless him!" Naomi said to her daughter-in-law. "He has not stopped showing his kindness to the living and the dead." She added, "That man is our close relative; he is one of our family guardiansguardian-redeemers."

Ruth 2:21

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתֹּ֖אמֶר ר֣וּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֑ה גַּ֣ם ׀ כִּי־ אָמַ֣ר אֵלַ֗י עִם־ הַנְּעָרִ֤ים אֲשֶׁר־ לִי֙ תִּדְבָּקִ֔ין עַ֣ד אִם־ כִּלּ֔וּ אֵ֥ת כָּל־ הַקָּצִ֖יר אֲשֶׁר־ לִֽי׃
NIV1984Then Ruth the Moabitess said, "He even said to me, 'Stay with my workers until they finish harvesting all my grain.'"
TNIVThen Ruth the Moabite said, "He even said to me, 'Stay with my workers until they finish harvesting all my grain.'"
NIV2011Then Ruth the Moabite said, "He even said to me, 'Stay with my workers until they finish harvesting all my grain.'"
Compared to NIV1984Then Ruth the MoabitessMoabite said, "He even said to me, 'Stay with my workers until they finish harvesting all my grain.'"
Compared to TNIVThen Ruth the Moabite said, "He even said to me, 'Stay with my workers until they finish harvesting all my grain.'"

Ruth 2:22

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתֹּ֥אמֶר נָעֳמִ֖י אֶל־ ר֣וּת כַּלָּתָ֑הּ ט֣וֹב בִּתִּ֗י כִּ֤י תֵֽצְאִי֙ עִם־ נַ֣עֲרוֹתָ֔יו וְלֹ֥א יִפְגְּעוּ־ בָ֖ךְ בְּשָׂדֶ֥ה אַחֵֽר׃
NIV1984Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, "It will be good for you, my daughter, to go with his girls, because in someone else's field you might be harmed."
TNIVNaomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, "It will be good for you, my daughter, to go with the women who work for him, because in someone else's field you might be harmed."
NIV2011Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, "It will be good for you, my daughter, to go with the women who work for him, because in someone else's field you might be harmed."
Compared to NIV1984Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, "It will be good for you, my daughter, to go with histhe girlswomen who work for him, because in someone else's field you might be harmed."
Compared to TNIVNaomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, "It will be good for you, my daughter, to go with the women who work for him, because in someone else's field you might be harmed."

Ruth 2:23

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתִּדְבַּ֞ק בְּנַעֲר֥וֹת בֹּ֙עַז֙ לְלַקֵּ֔ט עַד־ כְּל֥וֹת קְצִֽיר־ הַשְּׂעֹרִ֖ים וּקְצִ֣יר הַֽחִטִּ֑ים וַתֵּ֖שֶׁב אֶת־ חֲמוֹתָֽהּ׃
NIV1984So Ruth stayed close to the servant girls of Boaz to glean until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.
TNIVSo Ruth stayed close to the women of Boaz to glean until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.
NIV2011So Ruth stayed close to the women of Boaz to glean until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.
Compared to NIV1984So Ruth stayed close to the servant girlswomen of Boaz to glean until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.
Compared to TNIVSo Ruth stayed close to the women of Boaz to glean until the barley and wheat harvests were finished. And she lived with her mother-in-law.

Ruth 3:1

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַתֹּ֥אמֶר לָ֖הּ נָעֳמִ֣י חֲמוֹתָ֑הּ בִּתִּ֞י הֲלֹ֧א אֲבַקֶּשׁ־ לָ֛ךְ מָנ֖וֹחַ אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִֽיטַב־ לָֽךְ׃
NIV1984One day Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, "My daughter, should I not try to find a home for you, where you will be well provided for?
TNIVOne day Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, "My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for.
NIV2011One day Ruth's mother-in-law Naomi said to her, "My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for.
Compared to NIV1984One day NaomiRuth's her mother-in-law Naomi said to her, "My daughter, should I notmust try to find a home for you, where you will be well provided for?.
Compared to TNIVOne day NaomiRuth's her mother-in-law Naomi said to her, "My daughter, I must find a home for you, where you will be well provided for.

Ruth 3:2

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוְעַתָּ֗ה הֲלֹ֥א בֹ֙עַז֙ מֹֽדַעְתָּ֔נוּ אֲשֶׁ֥ר הָיִ֖ית אֶת־ נַעֲרוֹתָ֑יו הִנֵּה־ ה֗וּא זֹרֶ֛ה אֶת־ גֹּ֥רֶן הַשְּׂעֹרִ֖ים הַלָּֽיְלָה׃
NIV1984Is not Boaz, with whose servant girls you have been, a kinsman of ours? Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor.
TNIVNow Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor.
NIV2011Now Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor.
Compared to NIV1984IsNow not Boaz, with whose servantwomen girls you have beenworked, is a kinsmanrelative of ours? . Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor.
Compared to TNIVNow Boaz, with whose women you have worked, is a relative of ours. Tonight he will be winnowing barley on the threshing floor.

Ruth 3:3

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוְרָחַ֣צְתְּ ׀ וָסַ֗כְתְּ וְשַׂ֧מְתְּ עָלַ֖יִךְ הַגֹּ֑רֶן אַל־ תִּוָּדְעִ֣י לָאִ֔ישׁ עַ֥ד כַּלֹּת֖וֹ לֶאֱכֹ֥ל וְלִשְׁתּֽוֹת׃
NIV1984Wash and perfume yourself, and put on your best clothes. Then go down to the threshing floor, but don't let him know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking.
TNIVWash and perfume yourself, and put on your best clothes. Then go down to the threshing floor, but don't let him know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking.
NIV2011Wash, put on perfume, and get dressed in your best clothes. Then go down to the threshing floor, but don't let him know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking.
Compared to NIV1984Wash, put andon perfume yourself, and putget ondressed in your best clothes. Then go down to the threshing floor, but don't let him know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking.
Compared to TNIVWash, put andon perfume yourself, and putget ondressed in your best clothes. Then go down to the threshing floor, but don't let him know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking.

Ruth 3:8

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיְהִי֙ בַּחֲצִ֣י הַלַּ֔יְלָה וַיֶּחֱרַ֥ד הָאִ֖ישׁ וַיִּלָּפֵ֑ת וְהִנֵּ֣ה אִשָּׁ֔ה שֹׁכֶ֖בֶת מַרְגְּלֹתָֽיו׃
NIV1984In the middle of the night something startled the man, and he turned and discovered a woman lying at his feet.
TNIVIn the middle of the night something startled the man; he turned--and there was a woman lying at his feet!
NIV2011In the middle of the night something startled the man; he turned--and there was a woman lying at his feet!
Compared to NIV1984In the middle of the night something startled the man, and ; he turned --and discoveredthere was a woman lying at his feet.!
Compared to TNIVIn the middle of the night something startled the man; he turned--and there was a woman lying at his feet!

Ruth 3:9

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַיֹּ֖אמֶר מִי־ אָ֑תּ1 וַתֹּ֗אמֶר אָנֹכִי֙ ר֣וּת אֲמָתֶ֔ךָ וּפָרַשְׂתָּ֤ כְנָפֶ֙ךָ֙ עַל־ אֲמָ֣תְךָ֔ כִּ֥י גֹאֵ֖ל אָֽתָּה׃
NIV1984"Who are you?" he asked. "I am your servant Ruth," she said. "Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a kinsman-redeemer."
TNIV"Who are you?" he asked. "I am your servant Ruth," she said. "Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a family guardian."
NIV2011"Who are you?" he asked. "I am your servant Ruth," she said. "Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a guardian-redeemer of our family."
Compared to NIV1984"Who are you?" he asked. "I am your servant Ruth," she said. "Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a kinsmanguardian-redeemer of our family."
Compared to TNIV"Who are you?" he asked. "I am your servant Ruth," she said. "Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a family guardian-redeemer of our family."

Ruth 3:11

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוְעַתָּ֗ה בִּתִּי֙ אַל־ תִּ֣ירְאִ֔י כֹּ֥ל אֲשֶׁר־ תֹּאמְרִ֖י אֶֽעֱשֶׂה־ לָּ֑ךְ כִּ֤י יוֹדֵ֙עַ֙ כָּל־ שַׁ֣עַר עַמִּ֔י כִּ֛י אֵ֥שֶׁת חַ֖יִל אָֽתְּ׃
NIV1984And now, my daughter, don't be afraid. I will do for you all you ask. All my fellow townsmen know that you are a woman of noble character.
TNIVAnd now, my daughter, don't be afraid. I will do for you all you ask. All the people of my town know that you are a woman of noble character.
NIV2011And now, my daughter, don't be afraid. I will do for you all you ask. All the people of my town know that you are a woman of noble character.
Compared to NIV1984And now, my daughter, don't be afraid. I will do for you all you ask. All mythe fellowpeople townsmenof my town know that you are a woman of noble character.
Compared to TNIVAnd now, my daughter, don't be afraid. I will do for you all you ask. All the people of my town know that you are a woman of noble character.

Ruth 3:12

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוְעַתָּה֙ כִּ֣י אָמְנָ֔ם כִּ֥י גֹאֵ֖ל אָנֹ֑כִי וְגַ֛ם יֵ֥שׁ גֹּאֵ֖ל קָר֥וֹב מִמֶּֽנִּי׃
NIV1984Although it is true that I am near of kin, there is a kinsman-redeemer nearer than I.
TNIVAlthough it is true that I am a family guardian, there is another who is more closely related than I.
NIV2011Although it is true that I am a guardian-redeemer of our family, there is another who is more closely related than I.
Compared to NIV1984Although it is true that I am neara guardian-redeemer of kinour family, there is aanother kinsman-redeemerwho neareris more closely related than I.
Compared to TNIVAlthough it is true that I am a family guardian-redeemer of our family, there is another who is more closely related than I.

Ruth 3:13

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSלִ֣ינִי ׀ הַלַּ֗יְלָה וְהָיָ֤ה בַבֹּ֙קֶר֙ אִם־ יִגְאָלֵ֥ךְ טוֹב֙ יִגְאָ֔ל וְאִם־ לֹ֨א יַחְפֹּ֧ץ לְגָֽאֳלֵ֛ךְ וּגְאַלְתִּ֥יךְ אָנֹ֖כִי חַי־ יְהוָ֑ה שִׁכְבִ֖י עַד־ הַבֹּֽקֶר׃
NIV1984Stay here for the night, and in the morning if he wants to redeem, good; let him redeem. But if he is not willing, as surely as the LORD lives I will do it. Lie here until morning."
TNIVStay here for the night, and in the morning if he wants to do his duty as your family guardian, good; let him redeem you. But if he is not willing, as surely as the LORD lives I will do it. Lie here until morning."
NIV2011Stay here for the night, and in the morning if he wants to do his duty as your guardian-redeemer, good; let him redeem you. But if he is not willing, as surely as the LORD lives I will do it. Lie here until morning."
Compared to NIV1984Stay here for the night, and in the morning if he wants to redeemdo his duty as your guardian-redeemer, good; let him redeem you. But if he is not willing, as surely as the LORD lives I will do it. Lie here until morning."
Compared to TNIVStay here for the night, and in the morning if he wants to do his duty as your family guardian-redeemer, good; let him redeem you. But if he is not willing, as surely as the LORD lives I will do it. Lie here until morning."

Ruth 3:14

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתִּשְׁכַּ֤ב עַד־ הַבֹּ֔קֶר וַתָּ֕קָם יַכִּ֥יר אִ֖ישׁ אֶת־ רֵעֵ֑הוּ וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַל־ יִוָּדַ֔ע כִּי־ בָ֥אָה הָאִשָּׁ֖ה הַגֹּֽרֶן׃
NIV1984So she lay at his feet until morning, but got up before anyone could be recognized; and he said, "Don't let it be known that a woman came to the threshing floor."
TNIVSo she lay at his feet until morning, but got up before anyone could be recognized; and he said, "No one must know that a woman came to the threshing floor."
NIV2011So she lay at his feet until morning, but got up before anyone could be recognized; and he said, "No one must know that a woman came to the threshing floor."
Compared to NIV1984So she lay at his feet until morning, but got up before anyone could be recognized; and he said, "Don'tNo letone itmust be knownknow that a woman came to the threshing floor."
Compared to TNIVSo she lay at his feet until morning, but got up before anyone could be recognized; and he said, "No one must know that a woman came to the threshing floor."

Ruth 3:15

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַיֹּ֗אמֶר הָ֠בִי הַמִּטְפַּ֧חַת אֲשֶׁר־ עָלַ֛יִךְ וְאֶֽחֳזִי־ בָ֖הּ וַתֹּ֣אחֶז בָּ֑הּ וַיָּ֤מָד שֵׁשׁ־ שְׂעֹרִים֙ וַיָּ֣שֶׁת עָלֶ֔יהָ וַיָּבֹ֖א הָעִֽיר׃
NIV1984He also said, "Bring me the shawl you are wearing and hold it out." When she did so, he poured into it six measures of barley and put it on her. Then he went back to town.
TNIVHe also said, "Bring me the shawl you are wearing and hold it out." When she did so, he poured into it six measures of barley and put it on her. Then he went back to town.
NIV2011He also said, "Bring me the shawl you are wearing and hold it out." When she did so, he poured into it six measures of barley and placed the bundle on her. Then he went back to town.
Compared to NIV1984He also said, "Bring me the shawl you are wearing and hold it out." When she did so, he poured into it six measures of barley and putplaced itthe bundle on her. Then he went back to town.
Compared to TNIVHe also said, "Bring me the shawl you are wearing and hold it out." When she did so, he poured into it six measures of barley and putplaced itthe bundle on her. Then he went back to town.

Ruth 4:1

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוּבֹ֨עַז עָלָ֣ה הַשַּׁעַר֮ וַיֵּ֣שֶׁב שָׁם֒ וְהִנֵּ֨ה הַגֹּאֵ֤ל עֹבֵר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר דִּבֶּר־ בֹּ֔עַז וַיֹּ֛אמֶר ס֥וּרָה שְׁבָה־ פֹּ֖ה פְּלֹנִ֣י אַלְמֹנִ֑י וַיָּ֖סַר וַיֵּשֵֽׁב׃
NIV1984Meanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate and sat there. When the kinsman-redeemer he had mentioned came along, Boaz said, "Come over here, my friend, and sit down." So he went over and sat down.
TNIVMeanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate and sat down there just as the family guardian he had mentioned came along. Boaz said, "Come over here, my friend, and sit down." So he went over and sat down.
NIV2011Meanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate and sat down there just as the guardian-redeemer he had mentioned came along. Boaz said, "Come over here, my friend, and sit down." So he went over and sat down.
Compared to NIV1984Meanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate and sat down there. When just as the kinsmanguardian-redeemer he had mentioned came along, . Boaz said, "Come over here, my friend, and sit down." So he went over and sat down.
Compared to TNIVMeanwhile Boaz went up to the town gate and sat down there just as the family guardian-redeemer he had mentioned came along. Boaz said, "Come over here, my friend, and sit down." So he went over and sat down.

Ruth 4:3

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לַגֹּאֵ֔ל חֶלְקַת֙ הַשָּׂדֶ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר לְאָחִ֖ינוּ לֶאֱלִימֶ֑לֶךְ מָכְרָ֣ה נָעֳמִ֔י הַשָּׁ֖בָה מִשְּׂדֵ֥ה מוֹאָֽב׃
NIV1984Then he said to the kinsman-redeemer, "Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the piece of land that belonged to our brother Elimelech.
TNIVThen he said to the family guardian, "Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the piece of land that belonged to our relative Elimelek.
NIV2011Then he said to the guardian-redeemer, "Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the piece of land that belonged to our relative Elimelek.
Compared to NIV1984Then he said to the kinsmanguardian-redeemer, "Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the piece of land that belonged to our brotherrelative ElimelechElimelek.
Compared to TNIVThen he said to the family guardian-redeemer, "Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the piece of land that belonged to our relative Elimelek.

Ruth 4:5

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיֹּ֣אמֶר בֹּ֔עַז בְּיוֹם־ קְנוֹתְךָ֥ הַשָּׂדֶ֖ה מִיַּ֣ד נָעֳמִ֑י וּ֠מֵאֵת ר֣וּת הַמּוֹאֲבִיָּ֤ה אֵֽשֶׁת־ הַמֵּת֙ לְהָקִ֥ים שֵׁם־ הַמֵּ֖ת עַל־ נַחֲלָתֽוֹ׃
NIV1984Then Boaz said, "On the day you buy the land from Naomi and from Ruth the Moabitess, you acquire the dead man's widow, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property."
TNIVThen Boaz said, "On the day you buy the land from Naomi, you also acquire Ruth the Moabite, the dead man's widow, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property."
NIV2011Then Boaz said, "On the day you buy the land from Naomi, you also acquire Ruth the Moabite, the dead man's widow, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property."
Compared to NIV1984Then Boaz said, "On the day you buy the land from Naomi, you andalso fromacquire Ruth the MoabitessMoabite, you acquire the dead man's widow, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property."
Compared to TNIVThen Boaz said, "On the day you buy the land from Naomi, you also acquire Ruth the Moabite, the dead man's widow, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property."

Ruth 4:6

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַיֹּ֣אמֶר הַגֹּאֵ֗ל לֹ֤א אוּכַל֙ לִ֔י פֶּן־ אַשְׁחִ֖ית אֶת־ נַחֲלָתִ֑י גְּאַל־ לְךָ֤ אַתָּה֙ אֶת־ גְּאֻלָּתִ֔י כִּ֥י לֹא־ אוּכַ֖ל לִגְאֹֽל׃
NIV1984At this, the kinsman-redeemer said, "Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it."
TNIVAt this, the family guardian said, "Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it."
NIV2011At this, the guardian-redeemer said, "Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it."
Compared to NIV1984At this, the kinsmanguardian-redeemer said, "Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it."
Compared to TNIVAt this, the family guardian-redeemer said, "Then I cannot redeem it because I might endanger my own estate. You redeem it yourself. I cannot do it."

Ruth 4:8

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַיֹּ֧אמֶר הַגֹּאֵ֛ל לְבֹ֖עַז קְנֵה־ לָ֑ךְ וַיִּשְׁלֹ֖ף נַעֲלֽוֹ׃
NIV1984So the kinsman-redeemer said to Boaz, "Buy it yourself." And he removed his sandal.
TNIVSo the family guardian said to Boaz, "Buy it yourself." And he removed his sandal.
NIV2011So the guardian-redeemer said to Boaz, "Buy it yourself." And he removed his sandal.
Compared to NIV1984So the kinsmanguardian-redeemer said to Boaz, "Buy it yourself." And he removed his sandal.
Compared to TNIVSo the family guardian-redeemer said to Boaz, "Buy it yourself." And he removed his sandal.

Ruth 4:9

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיֹּאמֶר֩ בֹּ֨עַז לַזְּקֵנִ֜ים וְכָל־ הָעָ֗ם עֵדִ֤ים אַתֶּם֙ הַיּ֔וֹם כִּ֤י קָנִ֙יתִי֙ אֶת־ כָּל־ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֶֽאֱלִימֶ֔לֶךְ וְאֵ֛ת כָּל־ אֲשֶׁ֥ר לְכִלְי֖וֹן וּמַחְל֑וֹן מִיַּ֖ד נָעֳמִֽי׃
NIV1984Then Boaz announced to the elders and all the people, "Today you are witnesses that I have bought from Naomi all the property of Elimelech, Kilion and Mahlon.
TNIVThen Boaz announced to the elders and all the people, "Today you are witnesses that I have bought from Naomi all the property of Elimelek, Kilion and Mahlon.
NIV2011Then Boaz announced to the elders and all the people, "Today you are witnesses that I have bought from Naomi all the property of Elimelek, Kilion and Mahlon.
Compared to NIV1984Then Boaz announced to the elders and all the people, "Today you are witnesses that I have bought from Naomi all the property of ElimelechElimelek, Kilion and Mahlon.
Compared to TNIVThen Boaz announced to the elders and all the people, "Today you are witnesses that I have bought from Naomi all the property of Elimelek, Kilion and Mahlon.

Ruth 4:10

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוְגַ֣ם אֶת־ ר֣וּת הַמֹּאֲבִיָּה֩ אֵ֨שֶׁת מַחְל֜וֹן קָנִ֧יתִי לִ֣י לְאִשָּׁ֗ה לְהָקִ֤ים שֵׁם־ הַמֵּת֙ עַל־ נַ֣חֲלָת֔וֹ וְלֹא־ יִכָּרֵ֧ת שֵׁם־ הַמֵּ֛ת מֵעִ֥ם אֶחָ֖יו וּמִשַּׁ֣עַר מְקוֹמ֑וֹ עֵדִ֥ים אַתֶּ֖ם הַיּֽוֹם׃
NIV1984I have also acquired Ruth the Moabitess, Mahlon's widow, as my wife, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property, so that his name will not disappear from among his family or from the town records. Today you are witnesses!"
TNIVI have also acquired Ruth the Moabite, Mahlon's widow, as my wife, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property, so that his name will not disappear from among his family or from his hometown. Today you are witnesses!"
NIV2011I have also acquired Ruth the Moabite, Mahlon's widow, as my wife, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property, so that his name will not disappear from among his family or from his hometown. Today you are witnesses!"
Compared to NIV1984I have also acquired Ruth the MoabitessMoabite, Mahlon's widow, as my wife, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property, so that his name will not disappear from among his family or from thehis town recordshometown. Today you are witnesses!"
Compared to TNIVI have also acquired Ruth the Moabite, Mahlon's widow, as my wife, in order to maintain the name of the dead with his property, so that his name will not disappear from among his family or from his hometown. Today you are witnesses!"

Ruth 4:11

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַיֹּ֨אמְר֜וּ כָּל־ הָעָ֧ם אֲשֶׁר־ בַּשַּׁ֛עַר וְהַזְּקֵנִ֖ים עֵדִ֑ים יִתֵּן֩ יְהוָ֨ה אֶֽת־ הָאִשָּׁ֜ה הַבָּאָ֣ה אֶל־ בֵּיתֶ֗ךָ כְּרָחֵ֤ל ׀ וּכְלֵאָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֨ר בָּנ֤וּ שְׁתֵּיהֶם֙ אֶת־ בֵּ֣ית יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל וַעֲשֵׂה־ חַ֣יִל בְּאֶפְרָ֔תָה וּקְרָא־ שֵׁ֖ם בְּבֵ֥ית לָֽחֶם׃
NIV1984Then the elders and all those at the gate said, "We are witnesses. May the LORD make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. May you have standing in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem.
TNIVThen the elders and all the people at the gate said, "We are witnesses. May the LORD make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. May you have standing in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem.
NIV2011Then the elders and all the people at the gate said, "We are witnesses. May the LORD make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the family of Israel. May you have standing in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem.
Compared to NIV1984Then the elders and all thosethe people at the gate said, "We are witnesses. May the LORD make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the housefamily of Israel. May you have standing in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem.
Compared to TNIVThen the elders and all the people at the gate said, "We are witnesses. May the LORD make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the housefamily of Israel. May you have standing in Ephrathah and be famous in Bethlehem.

Ruth 4:13

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַיִּקַּ֨ח בֹּ֤עַז אֶת־ רוּת֙ וַתְּהִי־ ל֣וֹ לְאִשָּׁ֔ה וַיָּבֹ֖א אֵלֶ֑יהָ וַיִּתֵּ֨ן יְהוָ֥ה לָ֛הּ הֵרָי֖וֹן וַתֵּ֥לֶד בֵּֽן׃
NIV1984So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. Then he went to her, and the LORD enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.
TNIVSo Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. When he made love to her, the LORD enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.
NIV2011So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. When he made love to her, the LORD enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.
Compared to NIV1984So Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. ThenWhen he wentmade love to her, and the LORD enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.
Compared to TNIVSo Boaz took Ruth and she became his wife. When he made love to her, the LORD enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.

Ruth 4:14

OutcomeNew text in NIV2011
BHSוַתֹּאמַ֤רְנָה הַנָּשִׁים֙ אֶֽל־ נָעֳמִ֔י בָּר֣וּךְ יְהוָ֔ה אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹ֣א הִשְׁבִּ֥ית לָ֛ךְ גֹּאֵ֖ל הַיּ֑וֹם וְיִקָּרֵ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
NIV1984The women said to Naomi: "Praise be to the LORD, who this day has not left you without a kinsman-redeemer. May he become famous throughout Israel!
TNIVThe women said to Naomi: "Praise be to the LORD, who this day has not left you without a family guardian. May he become famous throughout Israel!
NIV2011The women said to Naomi: "Praise be to the LORD, who this day has not left you without a guardian-redeemer. May he become famous throughout Israel!
Compared to NIV1984The women said to Naomi: "Praise be to the LORD, who this day has not left you without a kinsmanguardian-redeemer. May he become famous throughout Israel!
Compared to TNIVThe women said to Naomi: "Praise be to the LORD, who this day has not left you without a family guardian-redeemer. May he become famous throughout Israel!

Ruth 4:16

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתִּקַּ֨ח נָעֳמִ֤י אֶת־ הַיֶּ֙לֶד֙ וַתְּשִׁתֵ֣הוּ בְחֵיקָ֔הּ וַתְּהִי־ ל֖וֹ לְאֹמֶֽנֶת׃
NIV1984Then Naomi took the child, laid him in her lap and cared for him.
TNIVThen Naomi took the child in her arms and cared for him.
NIV2011Then Naomi took the child in her arms and cared for him.
Compared to NIV1984Then Naomi took the child, laid him in her laparms and cared for him.
Compared to TNIVThen Naomi took the child in her arms and cared for him.

Ruth 4:17

OutcomeUses TNIV text
BHSוַתִּקְרֶאנָה֩ ל֨וֹ הַשְּׁכֵנ֥וֹת שֵׁם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר יֻלַּד־ בֵּ֖ן לְנָעֳמִ֑י וַתִּקְרֶ֤אנָֽה שְׁמוֹ֙ עוֹבֵ֔ד ה֥וּא אֲבִי־ יִשַׁ֖י אֲבִ֥י דָוִֽד׃
NIV1984The women living there said, "Naomi has a son." And they named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.
TNIVThe women living there said, "Naomi has a son!" And they named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.
NIV2011The women living there said, "Naomi has a son!" And they named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.
Compared to NIV1984The women living there said, "Naomi has a son." !" And they named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.
Compared to TNIVThe women living there said, "Naomi has a son!" And they named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.


Page last updated: 12:24AM on Tuesday, 09 November 2010 GMT


Developed by Robert Slowley in 2010.

NIV1984, TNIV, and NIV2011 text copyright by Biblica.

Hebrew text from the electronic version of the Leningrad Codex maintained by the J. Alan Groves Center for Advanced Biblical Research.

Scripture quotations marked SBLGNT are from the SBL Greek New Testament. Copyright © 2010 Society of Biblical Literature and Logos Bible Software.